**
Signal Processing for the Earth Sciences
CERI 7106-8106
Fall 2023
MWF 9:10-10:05 EQ1 110 (3876 Central Classroom, aka house 3)
**

**Instructor**: Mitch Withers, mwithers@memphis.edu, x4940, 3904 Central room202A (the southeast corner of the building).
Office Hours: As needed, please email.

**Description**: Fundamentals of digital processing of geophysical data, both purely
mathematical and applied aspects with attention to digital seismograms and
potential field data. This class will introduce concepts on linear systems in the
time and frequency domains and the relationships between and manipulation within
these domains. We will shed light on "black boxes" so that the limitations and
advantages of signal processing tools are appreciated and so that they can be
used properly and conclusions drawn appropriately. The course assumes a working
knowledge of integral transforms and MATLAB.

**TextBook**: The class will depend primarily on notes and background material
provided by Rick Aster at Colorado State,
Aster and Borchers, Time Series Analysis Additional notes on various
topics may also be taken from other sources including but not limited to
"The Fast Fourier Transform and its Applications" by E. Oran Brigham, Prentice
Hall 1988, "The Fourier Transform and Its Applications" by Ronald N. Bracewell,
McGraw Hill 1986, and "Of Poles and Zeros: Fundamentals of Digital Seismology
(Modern Approaches in Geophysics)" by Frank Scherbaum, Kluwer Academic
Publishers, 2001.

Archive of class notes from Aster and Borchers at NMT cir. 2013 (includes helpful matlab examples). GEOP 505

**Evaluation**: determined by 70% homework, 25% final project, and 5% punctuality
and participation.** Students are strongly encouraged to work together and
consult resources outside the class. But your work must still be your own.
Homework is due at the beginning of class on the due date specified in this
syllabus.**No credit will be granted for late homework.** Only written
protests of homeworks scores will be considered.

** If you are ill or have symptoms of a communicable disease please do not come to class and email me as soon as you are able. If you are unable to attend class for any reason, please email me.

**Final Project**: There is no final exam for this class. Instead, all students
are expected to produce a final project. The project will focus on the signal
processing aspects of a scientific problem chosen by the students. Abstracts
describing the project are due in November as specified by the schedule
distributed on the first day of class. A 5-10 page written final project report
is required of M.S. students and a 10-15 page written final project report is
required for Ph.D. students. Additionally, Ph.D. students will give a brief 15
minute oral presentation on their project during the final week of class.

Students are strongly encouraged to work together and consult resources outside the class. But your work must still be your own. Plagiarism will be severely penalized. Be certain to reference where appropriate in your final report.

Please do not be intimidated by the notes. We'll be learning this together. The schedule is a goal that is worthy of meeting but it can be modified. It is far more important to understand.

Note 1. Lectures marked with **(M)** use matlab in class.

Note 2. Slides are white text with a dark background for display pruposes.
If you wish to print slides and save ink, choose B&W from the print dialog
to print with a white background and black text.

08/28
Welcome and review of complex arithmetic

08/30
Linear Systems in the time domain

09/01 Linear Systems in the time domain; HW 1 distributed

09/04 Holiday, No Class

09/06 Linear Systems in the time domain

09/08 Linear Systems in the frequency domain **(M)**

09/11 Linear Systems in the frequency domain

09/13 Linear Systems in the frequency domain

09/15 Linear Systems in the frequency domain

09/18 Linear Systems in the frequency domain

09/20 Linear Systems in the frequency domain

09/22 Pole Zero Potpourri;
**HW 1 due**; HW 2 distributed (requires
xtruedisp.ascii)

09/25
Power Spectra **(M)**

09/27 Power Spectra

09/29
Sampled Time Series **(M)**

10/02 Sampled Time Series

10/04 Sampled Time Series

10/06 Sampled Time Series

10/09 Sampled Time Series

10/11 Sampled Time Series;
**HW2 due;**
HW 3 distributed (requires
mysteryseries.ascii)

10/13 Sampled Time Series

10/16 Fall Break, no class

10/18 no class;

10/20
Deconvolution **(M)**; **New due date for HW2**

10/23 Deconvolution **(M)**

10/25
FIR Filters **(M)**

10/27 FIR Filters

10/30 FIR Filters **(M)**

11/01
Laplace Transform

11/03 Laplace Transform; **HW 3 due**; HW 4
distributed

11/06 Laplace Transform **(M)**

11/08
Z-Transform

11/10 Z-Transform

11/13
IIR Filters

11/15 IIR Filters

11/17 IIR Filters **(Abstracts Due) (M)**

11/20 Image Processing

11/22 Thanksgiving Holiday, No Class

11/24 Thanksgiving Holiday, No Class

11/27 Hankel Transform

11/29 FK filters;

12/01 Hilbert Transform

12/04 Gravitational Waves

12/06 Student Presentations

12/08 Final Exam 10:30-12:30: Final Projects written reports due at 10:30AM CST

Directory of matlab scripts used in class

Titles of previous final projects.

**Fall 2022**

Evaluating the Power Spectral Densities of Seismic Data in Oklahoma from Nov 2011 until Dec 2011 Recorded by TA Arrays. Sonia Bazargan

Power Spectral Density (PSD) of Unevenly Sampled DAta Using Lomb-Scargle Periodogram. Hadi Heydarizadeh Shali

Noise-cancelling from Sound Waves and a Review on the Signal Processing of Noise-cancelling Headphones. Md Sahidul Islam

Image Processing Technique in Everyday Life. Ipsita Mitra

Signal Processing: A Gravity Data Enhancement Toolf for Mapping Geologic Structures in the New Madrid Seismic Zone. Ayomiposi Falade

Picture Resolution Enhancement by Particle Swarm Optimization Method. Zohreh Abbasi

Theory of data analyses from seismic instrumentation on the I-40 bridge to determine when the crack on the bridge occurred. Ab Abdulhadi

Evolution of 2018 Kilauea Eruption Observed with Spectrograms. Ivan Flores

Assesement of Dynamic Triggering in New Madrid and East Tennessee Seismic Zone Using Waveform Data. Alamgir Hosain

Heat Equation and Fourier Series. Khadija Nadimi

Determining the Kappa Co-efficient Using Seismigram Recordings of the New Madrid Seismic Network for a Local Earthquake Nearby the Mississippi Embayment. Sadia Rinty

Signal Processing Techniques in Reciever Function Analysis. Chameera Silva

Short Time Fourier Transform and Continuous Wavelet Transform of Laboratory Earthquake Signals. Navin Thapa

A Review on Pile Bearing Capacity Using Wave Equation Analysis. Austin Feathers

Implementation of Signal Processing to Study Pulse-Like Ground Motions. Melish Kayastha

Using Empirical Green's Functions (EGFs) for Strong Ground Motion Prediction: Recreating the 2009 L'Aquila Earthquake. Ryann Lam

Image De-Noising Using the Wavelet Transform Chidozie Opara

Machine Learning and Signal Processing. Mohsen Akhani

Digital Signal Processing for Musical Application. Roshan Bhattarai

Continuous Wavelet Tranform of Seismic Signals. Roshan Koirala

Studying of remotely triggered earthquakes using signal processing methods. Anuradha Mahanama

Polynomial Regression and Calculation of R-squared Values of Topographic Profiles from LiDAR DEM of the Sikeston Bulge, New Madrid Seismic Zone. Samia Noor

Analyzing accelerometer data and discussing the strong ground motion in Kathmandu Valley: a case study of the 7.8 Mw Gorkha earthquake, Nepal. Kiran Pandey

A review on deconvolution methods used in Seismic signal processing. Kaushik Sarker

Evaluation of Source Depth and S-R Distance Effect on Filtering to Identify Seismic Wave Arrivals. Ariful Islam

Wireless Sensor Networks and Their Role in Landslide Detection. Ben Gemballa

Use of Different Types of Filters for Image Processing and Enhancement. Thivanka Ratnayake

A Review on Application of Signal Processing in Fall Detection of Elderly People. Hessam Madanipour.

OMP Algorithm to Solve Compress Sensing Problems in Signal Processing. Jiayan Tan.

Evaluate singing in song by applying STFT. Hee Choi.

Say No to Noise--A Signal Processing Approach to Remove Noise from Seismic Signal. Md Jabir Rahman.

Artificial Neural Networks for Time Series Prediction. Elizabeth Gilmore.

Improving Automatic Phase Picking with th Kalman Filter. Peter Matheny.

Early Earthquake Warning using Metaheuristic methods. Hamed Abshari.

Polarization Analysis of Body Wave Phases. Oluwaseyi Bolarinwa.

Application of Wavelet Transform in Signal Processing. Ali Farhadi.

Effect of parameter selection in Butterworth and Chebyshev filters on the ground motion intensity measures and the structural response. Jalal Kiani.

Image Processing Using Points Operation. Hao Lu.

Signal Enhanced by Spectral Whitening. Yixin Zhang.

Application of Signal Processing in Earthquake Engineering. Nima Nazemi.

Creating An F-K Filter to Analyze GPR Data. Trevor Satterfield.

Research on three-dimensional Goussev Filter and the Applications in Geophysical Data Processing. Yu Geng.

Comparison of the Empirical Green's Functions Calculated by Ambient Noise and the Frequency-wavenumber Method. Jia Zhang.

S-transform and its Applications in Seismic Data Analysis. Eric Jambo.

Applications of Laplace Transform Solutions in Groundwater Flow. Chloe Glover.

Transformations on Non-stationary Signals. Arushi Saxena.

Wavelet Transform and Its Applicatoin in Automatic P-phase picking. Aluwaseun Fadugba.

Untitled. Khurram Aslam.

Enhancing an image with a high pass filtering approach. Arash Yarahmadi.

Effect of windowing on spectral leakage. Urbi Basu.

Applications of Signal Processing in the Structural Health Monitoring. Farhad Sedaghati.

The Wavelet Transform for Seismic Image Processing. Chunyu Li.

A Closer Look into the Design of IIR Filters. David Tovar.

Autocorrelation and its Applications. Shima Azizzadehroodpish.

From Randon Polygon to Ellipse: A Fourier analysis View. Explanation of a phenomena in a paper by Elmachtoub and Van Loan from a Fourier perspective instead of an eigenanalysis. Yang Yang.

Signal Processing and post-processing methods in dynamic identification of bridges. Sepehr Movaghati.

Untitled. Alireza Haji Soltani.

Assessment of application of different filter with different parameters on Goodness of fit in synthetic seismogram with real data. Naeem Khoshnevis.

Fourier analysis of 2D heat diffusion equation, compare with numerical method. Md Sabber Ahamed.

Decoding the WWV IRIG-B Time Code Signal. Demian Gomez.

Baseline corrections by polynomial fitting for several recordings of the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan Earthquake. Xiaochuan Tian.

Determining Frequency Dependent Lg Q and Applying Butterworth Filtering. Mostafa Mousavi

Wiener Filter and Its Application. Monsurul Huda

Determination of Spectral Accelerations form Waveforms for the ENA East NGA flat-files. Luke Philip Ogweno

Applications of the Z-Transform. Matt Cooley

Application of Window method of FIR Filter in Noise-Signals. Mahesh Singh Dhar

Determination of Frequency Content and Filtration of ULF Emissions in Magnetotelluric signals During the 9.1Mw Tohoku-Oki Earthquake. Ryan Christianson

FK Analysis of the NVT Array in Morring, TN. Blaine Bockholt

Applying the Laplace Transform to the Burridge-Knopoff Model of Seismicity to obtain the Transfer Function. Wes Foster

An Analysis of the z-Domain. Cecilia Nyamwandha

Hilbert Transform and Ring Lasers. John Meredith

Using a FIR filter on Seismograms. Sara Kelemencky

Processing Broadband Strong Motion Data with Matlab. Md Nayeem Al Noman

Wavelet Packe3t Transform vs. Fourier and wavelet transforms. Alireza Shahjouei

Untitled. Mehrdad Hosseini

Filter Design and Application of Frequency ratio method in attenuation studies. Chigozie Obikili

Laplace Transform and Its Application in Seismology. Mahari Ayele

Determining the Location of Iron Mine by Using Magnetic Inverse Modeling Method. Mehmet Onur Mataracioglu

Untitled. Guo Lei

Introduction to S-transform and its application. Shishay Bisrat

Slowness-Frequency (p-f) Image from Refraction Data, Utilizing Shift Theorem of Fourier Transform. Donny Dangkua

Synthetic Seismometer Calibration: The L28 Mark Product Geophone. Paul Ogwari

A Fun Foray into the Fundamentals of Frequency Filters: Featuring Matlab Facilitating in their Formulation. Michael Towle

Horizontal Orientation of Ocean Bottom Seismometers of the Nicoya Seismic Array. Melissa Driskell

A Brief Introduction to the Wavelet Transform. Steve Malone

Rotation and Correlation of an Unkown Orientated Borehole Seismometer with a Known Orientated Surface Seismometer. Leah Mitchell

Introduction to Fourier Analysis. Solomon Ayele

An Introduction to Wavelet Analysis. Arash Zandieh

Dispersion Curve Using Spectral Analysis of Surface Waves (SASW) for Shelby Farms, Memphis, Tennessee. Ali Shahbazian

Random Processes. Jerry Kutliroff

On Waveform Cross-correlation of Array Data for Determining Source and Velocity Information. Buck Grant

Automatic Phase Picking for Local Earthquakes. Biniam Asmerom

Untitled. Greg Johnson

The Hilbert Transform. Jose Rodriguez

Waveform Cross Correlation. Meredith Dunn

Signal Processing of Magnetotellurics (What Do the Black Boxes Do?). Leonard Jamerson

Dispersion Curves for the Garner Valley Test Site Experiment on the Demonstration of Nonlinearity. Yvonne Paisant

Instrument Resonse in Vault Compared to the Surface. Danya Pase

Using Power Spectral Density And Cross-Correlation to Determine the Source of a Mystery Signal. Allison Shumway

Single Degree of Freedom Ground Response Analysis. Scott Stovall

The url of this page is http://www.ceri.memphis.edu/people/mwithers/CERI7106/